The Philippines has a rich history of military service, dating back to the pre-colonial era when warriors were trained to protect their communities from invaders and other threats.

Today, the country’s armed forces continue this tradition of excellence through rigorous training programs that instill discipline, courage, and loyalty in its soldiers.

History of Philippine Military Service

Philippine military service has a proud and storied history that dates back centuries. During the pre-colonial era, local chiefs maintained armies to protect their domains from invaders and other threats.

When the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, they conscripted Filipinos into their military forces and forced them to fight in various wars. After gaining independence, the Philippines established its military force and developed its training programs.

Types of Military Service Programs

There are several types of military service programs in the Philippines, including basic military service, specialized service, and officer candidate school. Basic military service is designed to teach recruits the fundamentals of military life and prepare them for further training. Specialized service programs focus on specific areas, such as marksmanship, combat tactics, and survival skills. Officer candidate school is designed to train and develop future military leaders.

Values and Principles Taught in Military Service

Soldiers are taught to follow orders, respect authority, and work together as a team. They are also taught to put the needs of their country and fellow soldiers above their own and to have the courage to face danger and adversity with bravery and determination.

Physical and Mental Challenges in Military Service

Military service in the Philippines is known for its physical and mental challenges, which are designed to test the limits of soldiers and prepare them for the rigors of military life. Soldiers are subjected to intense physical training, obstacle courses, and endurance tests, as well as mental challenges such as leadership exercises and survival simulations.

Leadership Training

Leadership training is a key component of Philippine military service, as it prepares future military leaders to make critical decisions under pressure and lead their troops with confidence. Soldiers are taught leadership principles and given opportunities to practice their skills in various scenarios.

Weapons and Combat Training

Soldiers in Philippine military service undergo extensive weapons and combat training, including marksmanship, close-quarters combat, and urban warfare tactics. They are also trained in survival skills, such as wilderness survival and improvised explosive device (IED) detection.

Military Etiquette and Protocol

These guidelines are designed to ensure that soldiers conduct themselves with professionalism and respect at all times, representing the country and the armed forces with honor and dignity. Here are some of the aspects of military etiquette and protocol taught in Philippine military service:

Saluting: Soldiers are taught how to properly salute, including the position of the hand, the angle of the arm, and the duration of the salute. 

Uniforms: Wearing the uniform correctly and with pride is a key aspect of military etiquette and protocol. Soldiers are taught how to properly wear their uniforms, including the placement of badges, medals, and other insignia. 

Interactions with Superiors: This includes using the correct titles and ranks when addressing them, standing at attention when speaking to them, and following their orders promptly and without question.

Interactions with Subordinates: Soldiers are also taught how to interact with their subordinates respectfully and professionally. This includes treating them with dignity and respect, listening to their concerns, and providing guidance and support when needed.

Ceremonies and Formal Events: Ceremonies and formal events are common occurrences, and soldiers are taught how to conduct themselves properly during these events.

Table Manners: Table etiquette is a significant part of military protocol, especially during formal events and ceremonies. By mastering these manners, soldiers can conduct themselves with dignity and professionalism while representing their country and the armed forces.

Military Culture and History

Soldiers in Philippine military service are also taught about the culture and history of the military, including the traditions, symbols, and values that have shaped the armed forces throughout its history.

Professional Development

Military service also places special emphasis on the professional development of soldiers, offering them opportunities to learn new skills and advance their careers.

Professional development in the military encompasses specialized training programs, leadership development courses, and advanced education opportunities, all designed to help soldiers hone their skills and achieve their personal and professional goals.

Career Opportunities in the Military

The military provides abundant career opportunities for those who complete the training, such as combat operations, support services, logistics, and administration. This service equips individuals with a diverse skill set that can be applied across various fields and industries. In addition, the leadership experience gained from serving in the military can also prepare individuals for successful civilian careers.

Challenges and Rewards of Military Service

Serving in the military has its own unique set of challenges and rewards. It demands a great deal of dedication, sacrifice, and a sense of duty to the nation. However, it also provides the opportunity to serve with honor and distinction, safeguard one’s fellow citizens, and uphold the values and principles that make the country strong and united.


Through hard work, dedication, and a commitment to excellence, the Philippine military service produces some of the bravest and most capable soldiers in the world. By building strong leaders, the Philippine military service helps to ensure the safety and security of the nation, as well as the peace and well-being of all Filipinos.